It could be said that television was not invented by a single inventor because there were many people who worked together in making television. A very good goal because you want to change the world with audio-visual technology.
They call television at that time a collection of motion pictures combined / moving images that have sound, experts in each country are indeed creating a television for the film world. Let’s look at who made television and how to make it. Each of these inventors has a different way of making television.
Many people mention that Paul Gottlieb Nipkow from Germany was the first to think about television and was later known to many people so many people tried to make television like Nipkow did. So they compete in creating television until they finally work together to make a good contribution to television.
Many people also mentioned that the creators of television or so-called TV mechanics made television come from the early science of television created by Paul Nipkow, which uses images that are combined so that it looks moving.
A little convincing because Nipkow created this moving picture around 1884 while other inventors could only publish his work in the 1900s. Nipkow created the first TV in the world using a thick wire that was useful for playing existing images (what we usually call discs today).
The picture will rotate starting from the first image to the last picture, then when appearing on a TV screen as if the image is alive (we usually call the current video). But Nipkow’s work is not so great compared to other inventors who began to combine other theories based on Nipkow’s findings.
Nipkow was the first person to create a television with his discovery theory of a collection of images that were combined so that it looked like real and displayed on a television screen using light rays in small portions.
Year after year the development of this television continues to be carried out by several experts around the world. We discuss one by one below.
John Logie Baird was a Scottish man who developed a television from Nipkow combined with his findings using a transparent array wheel / rod to send rotating images to a television screen. This idea arose because the television developed by Nipkow was a collection of images which were combined then displayed in low light so the results were like silhouettes. Baird created a transparent array so that the light sent to the television screen could be brighter and slightly clearer than using small portions of light.
Charles Francis Jenkins claimed that he had invented television before Nipkow, he also said that he had created a moving image like the results created by Nipkow. But he added in his findings, namely Radio Vision. He said his findings were already ahead of Nipkow’s and were better because they could create sound in the image.
Not only moving images like those created by Nipkow but also Jenkins claimed to have created moving images and can insert sound when displayed on a television screen. “I created this a few years before Nipkow was known to many people“, he told local media at the time.
Karl Ferdinand Braun is a German scientist who said he had developed a television with a great discovery called the Cathode Ray (Cathode Ray Tube) in 1897. This cathode ray is a ray that is emitted onto a television screen so well that it can produce moving images or videos with extreme smooth, clean, smoothly glorious without obstacles. As we know, the earliest computer monitor screens were discovered using this cathode screen as well.
Next up is Philo Taylor Farnsworth from America, he was the first inventor of television using a dissector tube and 60 horizontal lines in a collection of images displayed on a television screen. This means that the image displayed is more dynamic and modern compared to previous findings.
The resulting picture looks more real, even the dissector tube is the basis of the television used to date. So it’s no wonder Farnsworth’s name is better known until now. He said that his discovery had been used by people around 1927 before it was known to the world in 1929.
Farnsworth’s initial discovery was designed to display color on a television screen but there was always an error or failure to appear on the television screen. But year after year the development and changes were made and finally succeeded in displaying a color image on a television screen and his invention was used on modern TV today as the basis of color appearance.
However, to obtain a patent and legal for his invention is not easy, he went through several stages before finally being formalized as a commercial and legal by the FCC at the end of 1953.
Over time and the birth of intelligent humans, in the 1940s many TVs used antennas for certain areas such as in the mountains. But using a TV antenna can not even display color on television. Then many scientists who looked for problems or causes of color did not appear on the TV antenna at that time.
A new discovery arises, namely cable TV which is better than antenna TV even when it is used in mountainous areas. Not a few people who switched from antenna TV to cable TV at that time. Because of this cable TV, it means there is also a new invention called a TV remote (at that time called Lazy Bones).
Lazy Bones was discovered by a Russian company, Zenith Electronics Corporation (ZEC). ZEC heard that there would be an expansion from TV antennas to cable TV and he offered to make a remote or lazy bones. ZEC worked together until finally successfully launched together with cable TV which was first used in the United States.
The more sophisticated the times, many people are collaborating to develop television as did Donald Bitzer, Gene Slottow & Robert Willson. The three of them worked together until finally the creation of the first plasma TV on earth and managed to win the attention of humans. No wonder sales have risen and its discovery instantly popular in an instant, because the sophistication of plasma TVs exceeds all TVs that have existed before.
That’s the story and anyone who contributed to the development of TV until now we can enjoy television shows with a more modern look. Furthermore, TV on this earth continues to grow until it becomes an LCD, LED and whatnot in the future.